Subhadra Kumari Chauhan Biography, Wiki | Who was Subhadra Kumari Chauhan?

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Who was Subhadra Kumari Chauhan?

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan,16 August 1904 – 15 February 1948, was an Indian poet. One of her most popular poems is “Jhansi ki Rani” (about the courageous Queen of Jhansi), narrating the life of the brave Jhansi Ki Rani, Lakshmi Bai. Of the entire Hindi literature, it is this poem that’s most recited and sung by the people of India. The government of India has named an Indian coast guard ship in her remembrance.

Google Doodle celebrates India’s first woman Satyagrahi Subhadra Kumari Chauhan’s birth anniversary

Google honors Subhadra Kumari Chauhan on her birth anniversary
Google honors Subhadra Kumari Chauhan on her birth anniversary

Google honoured India’s first woman Satyagrahi Subhadra Kumari Chauhan with a special graphic on her 117th birth anniversary on August 16. Subhadra Kumari Chauhan was a trailblazing writer and freedom fighter whose work rose to national prominence during a male-dominated era of literature.

Today’s Google Doodle, illustrated by New Zealand-based guest artist Prabha Mallya, features the activist and author sitting with a pen and paper, dressed in a saree. Jhansi ki Rani, Subhadra’s nationalist poem, is regarded as one of the most recited poems in Hindi literature.

The Google Doodle page described her poetry as, “Subhadra Kumari Chauhan’s poetry and prose primarily centered around the hardships that Indian women overcame, such as gender and caste discrimination. Her poetry remained uniquely underscored by her resolute nationalism.”

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan Biography, Wiki

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan was born in Nihalpur village in Allahabad District, Uttar Pradesh. She initially studied in the Crosthwaite Girls’ School in Allahabad and passed the middle-school examination in 1919. She married Thakur Lakshman Singh Chauhan of Khandwa in 1919 when she was sixteen with whom she had five children. After her marriage with Thakur Lakshman Singh Chauhan of Khandwa in the same year, she moved to Jubbulpore (now Jabalpur), CP.

In 1921, Subhadra Kumari Chauhan and her husband joined Mahatma Gandhi’s Non-Cooperation Movement. She was the first woman Satyagrahi to court arrest in Nagpur and was jailed twice for her involvement in protests against the British rule in 1923 and 1942.

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan was a member of the legislative assembly of the state (erstwhile Central Provinces). She died in 1948 in a car accident near Seoni M.P. on her way back to Jabalpur from Nagpur, the then capital of CP, where she had gone to attend the assembly session.

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan
Subhadra Kumari Chauhan
Full NameSubhadra Kumari Chauhan
Born16 August 1904, Allahabad, United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, British India
Died15 February 1948 (aged 43), Seoni, Central Provinces and Berar, Dominion of India
OccupationPoet
LanguageHindi
NationalityIndian
Period1904–1948
GenrePoetry
SubjectHindi
SpouseThakur Lakshman Singh Chauhan
Children5

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan Writing Career

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan authored a number of popular works in Hindi poetry. Her most famous composition is Jhansi Ki Rani, an emotionally charged poem describing the life of Rani Lakshmi Bai. The poem is one of the most recited and sung poems in Hindi literature. An emotionally charged description of the life of the queen of Jhansi (British India) and her participation in the 1857 revolution, it is often taught in schools in India. A couplet repeated at the end of each stanza reads thus:

बुंदेले हरबोलों के मुँह हमने सुनी कहानी थी,
खूब लड़ी मर्दानी वह तो झाँसी वाली रानी थी।।

This and her other poems, Jallianwala Bagh mein VasantVeeron Ka Kaisa Ho BasantRakhi Ki Chunauti, and Vida, openly talk about the freedom movement. They are said to have inspired great numbers of Indian youth to participate in the Indian Freedom Movement. Here is the opening stanza of Jhansi ki Rani:

झाँसी की रानी

सिंहासन हिल उठे राजवंशों ने भृकुटी तानी थी,
बूढ़े भारत में भी आई फिर से नयी जवानी थी,
गुमी हुई आज़ादी की कीमत सबने पहचानी थी,
दूर फिरंगी को करने की सबने मन में ठानी थी।
चमक उठी सन सत्तावन में, वह तलवार पुरानी थी,
बुंदेले हरबोलों के मुँह हमने सुनी कहानी थी,
खूब लड़ी मर्दानी वह तो झाँसी वाली रानी थी।।

The thrones shook and royalties scowled
Old India was re-invigorated with new youth
People realised the value of lost freedom
Everybody was determined to throw the foreigners out
The old sword glistened again in 1857
This story we heard from the mouths of Bundel bards
Like a man she fought, she was the Queen of Jhansi

English translation

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan wrote in the Khariboli dialect of Hindi, in a simple, clear style. Apart from heroic poems, she also wrote poems for children. She wrote some short stories based on the life of the middle class.

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan Legacy

The ICGS Subhadra Kumari Chauhan, an Indian Coast Guard ship, was named for the poet. The government of Madhya Pradesh placed a statue of Subhadra Kumari Chauhan before the Municipal Corporation office of Jabalpur.

On 6 August 1976, India Posts released a postage stamp to commemorate Subhadra Kumari Chauhan.

On 16 August 2021, search engine Google commemorated Subhadra Kumari Chauhan with a Doodle on her 117th birth anniversary. Google commented: “Chauhan’s poetry remains a staple in many Indian classrooms as a symbol of historical progress, encouraging future generations to stand up against social injustice and celebrate the words that shaped a nation’s history”

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan’s Works

Collections of poems

These anthologies consist some of the well-known poems like “Jhansi ki Raani”, “Veeron Ka Kaisa Ho Basant” and “Yeh Kadamb Ka Ped”.

  • “Seedhe-Saade Chitra” (1946)
  • “Mera naya Bachpan” (1946)
  • “Bikhare Moti” (1932)
  • “Jhansi ki Rani”

Short Stories

  • Hingvala (or Hingwala)

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan Death

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan died on February 15, 1948 in a car accident near kalbodi (in Seoni,MP). An Indian Coast Guard ship has been named after her. A Statue of Subhadra Kumari Chauhan has been installed by the M.P Govt.in front of the Municipal Corporation office of Jabalpur.

Who was Subhadra Kumari Chauhan?

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan,16 August 1904 – 15 February 1948, was an Indian poet. One of her most popular poems is “Jhansi ki Rani” (about the courageous Queen of Jhansi), narrating the life of the brave Jhansi Ki Rani, Lakshmi Bai.

When did Subhadra Kumari Chauhan die?

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan died on 15th February 1948.

Who was Subhadra Kumari Chauhan’s husband?

Thakur Lakshman Singh Chauhan.

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