Satyendra Nath Bose Biography, Wiki, Age, Career, Google Doodle | Who was Mathematician Satyendra Nath Bose? Bio, Wiki

Spread the love

Who was Satyendra Nath Bose?

Satyendra Nath Bose FRS(1 January 1894 – 4 February 1974) was an Indian mathematician and physicist specializing in theoretical physics.

He is best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the early 1920s, in developing the foundation for Bose statistics and the theory of the Bose condensate. A Fellow of the Royal Society, he was awarded India’s second-highest civilian award, the Padma Vibhushan, in 1954 by the Government of India.

Google celebrates mathematician Satyendra Nath Bose with doodle

Google celebrates mathematician Satyendra Nath Bose with doodle
Google celebrates mathematician Satyendra Nath Bose with doodle

Google on Saturday paid tribute to Indian physicist and mathematician Satyendra Nath Bose for his contribution to the Bose-Einstein Condensate.

It was on this day in 1924, he sent his quantum formulations to Albert Einstein who immediately recognized it as a significant discovery in quantum mechanics.

Satyendra Nath Bose’s journey to fame started in academics. Each day, his father who was an accountant would write an arithmetic problem for him to solve before leaving for work, feuling Bose’s interest in mathematics.

At age 15, Bose began pursuing a Bachelor of Science degree at Calcutta’s Presidency College and earned a Master’s in Applied Mathematics at the University of Calcutta soon after. Graduating top of his class for both degrees, he solidified his esteemed position in academia.

Satyendra Nath Bose Biography, Wiki

Satyendra Nath Bose Biography Wikipedia
Satyendra Nath Bose

Born on January 1, 1894, Bose studied in Calcutta and was brilliant in his studies. It was his academic achievements that made him famous. Bose’s father encouraged his interest in mathematics by writing an arithmetic problem for him to solve before leaving for work every day, said a blog post by Google.

At age 15, Bose began pursuing a Bachelor of Science degree at Calcutta’s Presidency College and earned a Master’s in Applied Mathematics at the University of Calcutta soon after.

At 22, Bose was appointed lecturer in Calcutta University, along with astrophysicist Meghnad Saha. By the end of 1917, Bose began giving lectures on physics. In 1921, he joined the then newly created Dacca University as Reader in Physics.

He had a couple of papers published by the same journal earlier, co-authored with Saha. It was here while teaching that he documented his findings in a report called Planck’s Law and the Hypothesis of Light Quanta. Even though his research was rejected by a journal, he decided to mail his paper to Albert Einstein.

Einstein recognised the significance of the discovery — and soon applied Bose’s formula to a wide range of phenomena. Bose’s theoretical paper became one of the most important findings in quantum theory.

His contributions to physics were recognised by the Indian government by awarding him the Padma Vibhushan, one of the highest civilian awards in the country. He was also appointed as National Professor, the highest honor in India for scholars.

Satyendra Nath Bose Career

He served as a lecturer in the physics department of the University of Calcutta from 1916 to 1921. Along with a former classmate, the future astrophysicist Meghnad Saha, he published the English translations of Albert Einstein’s original papers on special and general relativity in 1919.

In 1921, he was offered the post of a Reader in the department of physics at the University of Dhaka. There he helped to set up new laboratories to teach advanced courses in science. He had been working along with Saha on quantum physics and relativity theory for some years now.

In 1924, he wrote a paper on deriving Planck’s quantum radiation law that offered a solution that had never been thought of before. He sent this paper to Albert Einstein who recognized the significance of Bose’s studies and translated the Paper into German. This paper, though just four pages in length was of seminal importance to the new discoveries in the field of physics.

Bose and Einstein first came up with the prediction of a state of matter of a dilute gas of bosons and its complex interactions in what came to be known as the Bose-Einstein condensate in 1924-25. Bose achieved international recognition when his findings were promoted by Einstein and he got an opportunity to work for two years in European X-ray and crystallography laboratories.

During this time Bose also became acquainted with Louis de Broglie and Marie Curie. He returned to Dhaka in 1926 and applied for the post of a Professor at the University. Since he did not possess a doctorate, he was not qualified enough for the post. But he was made the Head of the Department of Physics on Einstein’s recommendation.

Continuing his work in research, Bose designed the equipment for an X-ray crystallography laboratory. He served as the Dean of the Faculty of Science at Dhaka University until 1945. At the time of partition, he returned to Calcutta where he held the Khaira Chair. He taught at the University of Calcutta till 1956 where he encouraged the students to design their own equipment.

Even after his retirement he continued with his research in nuclear physics. Along with physics, he also researched on organic chemistry, geology, engineering and other sciences.

Satyendra Nath Bose Wife

He got married to Ushabati when he was 20 years old. The couple had nine children of whom two died in their childhood. He died at the age of 80 in 1974. He was survived by his wife of 60 years and seven children at the time of his death.

Satyendra Nath Bose FAQ’s

Who was Satyendra Nath Bose?

Satyendra Nath Bose FRS(1 January 1894 – 4 February 1974) was an Indian mathematician and physicist specializing in theoretical physics.

When did Satyendra Nath Bose die?

He died at the age of 80 in 1974. He was survived by his wife of 60 years and seven children at the time of his death.

Why is Satyendra Nath Bose trending?

Google on Saturday paid tribute to Indian physicist and mathematician Satyendra Nath Bose for his contribution to the Bose-Einstein Condensate.

Also Read:

FOLLOW US ON GOOGLE NEWS
x