Mallu Swarajyam Biography, Wiki, Age, Career, Death, Cause of Death | Who was Freedom Fighter Mallu Swarajyam? Bio, Wiki

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Who was Mallu Swarajyam?

Mallu Swarajyam (1931 – 19 March 2022) was an Indian politician from Communist Party of India (Marxist) and Freedom fighter.

She was member of an armed dalam which took part in the Telangana struggle. Her autobiography “naa maate tupaakee tootaa” (My word is a bullet) was published by Hyderabad Book Trust in 2019.

Fiery freedom fighter Mallu Swarajyam dead

Mallu Swarajyam, the fiery freedom fighter who revolted against the Nizam rule and participated in the Telangana Armed Struggle between 1945-1948, passed away on Saturday. 

The 91-year-old two-time MLA and CPM leader was hospitalized 20 days ago following a lung infection. She is survived by three children. 

A CPM central committee member, Swarajyam was born in Karvirala-Kothagudem village in Thungathurthy mandal of Suryapet district. As her family participated in the Independence movement, she was named Swarajyam (self-rule). 

Mallu Swarajyam Biography, Wiki

Born in 1931, she studied up to Class 5. When she was 10, Swarajyam chanced upon Maxim Gorky’s “The Mother” and this left a lifelong impression on her.

Though there were restrictions against women in those days, she started her political life at the age of 11 in response to a call given by Andhra Mahasabha against bonded labour in 1941.

She distributed rice to people of different castes, ignoring the social barriers prevalent to fight for the welfare of the downtrodden with the support of her mother – Bhimireddy Chokkamma.

She went on to become a revolutionary leader and mobilised people against the Nizam. During the Armed Struggle, she carried a prize of Rs 10,000 over her head. Her participation in peoples’ movements led to Razakars torching her house in 1947. 

She toured places like Karimnagar, Adilabad, Nalgonda and other districts extensively and inspired people.
Swarajyam’s husband Venkata Narasimha Reddy and her brother Bhimireddy Narasimha Reddy were also members of the Communist Party. After the division in the CPI, she supported the CPM. 

She was elected twice on a CPM ticket from the Tungathurthy Assembly. She served as MLA from 1978 to 1983 and from 1983 to 1984. In her second term as an MLA, the Assembly was dissolved by the then Chief Minister NT Rama Rao. Swarajyam also served as editorial board member in “Chaitanya Manavi”, a magazine published by Leftist women. She also worked in the AIDWA.

Swarajyam penned her autobiography ‘Naa Maate – Tupaki Tuta’ (My word is bullet).  During the 1983 Assembly polls, some leaders threatened voters in Nagaram (now mandal headquarter). At that time, a top leader from the then ruling party entered into an argument with Swarajyam. He thre-atened her with a pistol to which she responded: “Are you going to shoot? Then shoot me”. Left with no choice, he left.

Swarajaym’s body would be donated to Nalgonda government hospital and there would be no last rites. CPM State Secretary Tammineni Veerabhadram said that Swarajyam’s body would be kept at the party office at RTC Crossroads from 6 am to 10 am on Sunday. CM K Chandrasekhar Rao condoled her death.

Mallu Swarajyam Biography Wikipedia
Mallu Swarajyam
Hyderabad State, British Raj
Died19 March 2022 (aged 91)
Hyderabad, Telangana, India
Political partyCommunist Party of India (Marxist)
Spouse(s)Mallu Venkata Narsimha Reddy
Residence(s)Nalgonda, Telangana, India

Mallu Swarajyam Career

During this period, Nalgonda district was a part of the Hyderabad State under Nizam. The name Swarajyam is in deference to the wishes of several of her relatives who participated in the satyagraha in response to a call given by Mahatma Gandhi as part of the struggle to attain swaraj (self-rule, or independence) from the British.

At the age of 10, Swarajyam read Maxim Gorky’s work, Mother, and it proved to be a source of inspiration for her. She morphed into a revolutionary, rallying people against Nizam’s Razakars. Her public career began at the age of 11 when, in response to the Andhra Mahasabha’s call to stop bonded labour, she violated family tradition and offered rice to bonded labourers from many castes and communities. 

Mallu Swarajyam became the commander of a dalam fighting against Zamindars and carried a prize of Rs.10,000 for her head during that time.

The Communist Party of India was fighting with arms under the banner of Andhra Mahasabha against the cruel rule of the Nizam and bonded labour in the state.

Her husband, Mallu Venkata Narasimha Reddy, and her brother, Bhimreddy Narasimha Reddy, who died in 2008 (both members of the communist movement in the State), had a profound influence on her life. The Communist Party of India expanded the scope of the armed struggle from being a means to free bonded labour to one that would take land from the Zamindars and distribute it among the poor.

She later actively participated in the welfare of the local peasants and was also a major leader in the Communist party of India. She was elected from Thungathurthi Assembly constituency in 1978 and 1983 as a member of Communist Party of India (Marxist).

Mallu Swarajyam Husband

Swarajyam had two sons, Mallu Goutham Reddy and Mallu Nagarjun Reddy. She also had a daughter, Karuna, who ran in the 2009 Elections for Nalgonda in Chiranjeevi’s Praja Rajyam Party. 

Mallu Swarajyam FAQ’s

Who was Mallu Swarajyam?

Mallu Swarajyam (1931 – 19 March 2022) was an Indian politician from Communist Party of India (Marxist) and Freedom fighter.

How did Mallu Swarajyam die?

She died from multiple organ failure in Hyderabad on 19 March 2022.

How old was Mallu Swarajyam?

Mallu Swarajyam died at 91.

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