Cesar Chavez Biography, Wiki, Age, Career, Family, Net Worth | Who was Cesar Chavez? Bio, Wiki

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Who was Cesar Chavez?

Cesar Chavez (March 31, 1927 – April 23, 1993) was an American labor leader and civil rights, activist.

Along with Dolores Huerta, he co-founded the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA), which later merged with the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (AWOC) to become the United Farm Workers (UFW) labor union.

Ideologically, his worldview combined leftist politics with Roman Catholic social teachings.

Cesar Chavez Day marked March 31

Cesar Chavez Day marked March 31
Cesar Chavez Day marked March 31

State and federal officials have declared that Thursday, March 31, is Cesar Chavez Day, in honor of the Arizona-born civil rights and labor activist who fought for better conditions for farmworkers.

The day is observed on the anniversary of his birth in 1927.

Chavez’s efforts resulted in better working conditions and laws that gave farmworkers rights to organize and join unions.

The full declaration from Gov. Gavin Newsom is below.

Throughout his life of work and service, Cesar Chavez empowered thousands to stand together for their rights and led our nation toward a more equitable and just society. His visionary leadership inspired a powerful movement that burns brightly to this day, rallying people from all walks of life to champion the dignity of work.

Cesar Chavez Day allows us to recommit ourselves to honoring farmworkers and their many indispensable contributions to our nation.

An American hero, Chavez led the non-violent movement in the mid-1900s that paved the way for better wages and working conditions which nearly 2.5 million farmworkers benefit from today.

Cesar Chavez Biography, Wiki

Born near Yuma, Arizona in 1927, Chavez and his family moved to California after losing their home during the Great Depression.

Toiling in the fields from a young age, Chavez faced dismal working conditions, racism, abuse and exploitation. Moved to confront these injustices, he began working as an organizer in the farmworker community, advocating for improvements in their working and living conditions.

Founding the United Farm Workers (UFW) together with Dolores Huerta, Chavez challenged Americans to recognize that the produce on their dinner tables was picked by human hands — often the hands of people who were denied the most basic human rights.

Bringing their cause to the national stage, Chavez led a historic march of farmworkers from Delano to Sacramento in 1966 and helped launch a successful boycott of grapes that galvanized support across the country and beyond.

A Mexican American, Chavez grew up in a farming community in Yuma, AZ in the 1930s. During the Great Depression, his family lost their ranch and moved to California as migrant workers.

To help support his family, Chavez began working in the fields at the age of 11. He witnessed firsthand the injustices, indignities, and discrimination that farmworkers suffered at the hands of growers.

While the newly enacted Labor Relations Act of 1935 gave employees the right to join unions to collectively address unfair labor practices, it excluded farm and domestic workers – positions predominately held by minorities.

In 1952, determined to earn protections for food and farmworkers, Chavez began organizing people to advocate for the reform of labor laws, so farmworkers could have basic human rights such as safe working conditions and living wages so they can provide for their families.

It’s ironic that those who till the soil, cultivate and harvest the fruits, vegetables, and other foods that fill your tables with abundance have nothing left for themselves,” Chavez once said.

A servant leader, Chavez co-founded the National Farmworkers Association (NFWA) in 1962, which fought to empower farmworkers to advocate for social justice reforms and respect in their workplace – the fields.

NFWA later merged with the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (AWOC) to become the United Farm Workers of America (UFW), which continues to protect the interest of food and farm workers.

Cesar Chevaz Biography Wikipedia
Cesar Chevaz
BornCesario Estrada Chavez
March 31, 1927
Yuma, Arizona, U.S.
DiedApril 23, 1993 (aged 66)
San Luis, Arizona, U.S.
OccupationLabor leader, Civil rights activist
Spouse(s)Helen Fabela Chávez
Children8
AwardsPresidential Medal of Freedom (1994)

Cesar Chevaz Career

Chavez was an outspoken advocate of social change through nonviolent means. In 1968, to avert violence in the grape strike, he undertook a 25-day fast; the fast was broken at an outdoor Mass attended by some 8,000 persons, including Senator Robert F. Kennedy.

Chavez also led a 200-mile march from Delano to Sacramento to dramatize the demands of the farm workers.

In July 1970 Chavez’s union faced one of its most serious challenges when the Teamsters’ union signed contracts that applied to farm workers with some 200 growers in California.

Chavez met the challenge head on: within 3 weeks the largest agricultural strike ever to hit California had spread over 180 miles along the coastal valleys.

About 7,000 farm workers struck to win recognition of Chavez’s UFWOC as their bargaining agent, with the national boycott again used as the weapon.

From 1972 to 1974, membership in the union dwindled from nearly 60,000 to just 5,000. But Chavez’s efforts were rewarded. From 1964 to 1980, wages of California migrant workers had increased 70 percent, health care benefits became a reality and a formal grievance procedure was established. Chavez continued to fight for the rights of workers up to the day of his death on April 22, 1993.

Cesar Chavez Wife

In 1948 Cesar married Helen Fabela. They honeymooned in California by visiting all the California Missions from Sonoma to San Diego (again the influence of education). They settled in Delano and started their family. First Fernando, then Sylvia, then Linda, and five more children were to follow.

Cesar Chavez FAQ’s

Who was Cesar Chavez?

Cesar Chavez (March 31, 1927 – April 23, 1993) was an American labor leader and civil rights, activist.

When did Cesar Chavez die?

Cesar Chavez died on April 23, 1993.

Who was Cesar Chavez’s wife?

In 1948 Cesar married Helen Fabela. They honeymooned in California by visiting all the California Missions from Sonoma to San Diego (again the influence of education). They settled in Delano and started their family. First Fernando, then Sylvia, then Linda, and five more children were to follow.

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