Anne Frank Biography, Wiki, Age, Career, Google Doodle | Who was Anne Frank? Bio, Wiki

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Who was Anne Frank?

Annelies Marie Frank (12 June 1929 – c. February or March 1945) was a German-Dutch diarist of Jewish heritage.

One of the most discussed Jewish victims of the Holocaust, she gained fame posthumously with the 1947 publication of The Diary of a Young Girl (originally Het Achterhuis in Dutch, lit. ’the back house’; English: The Secret Annex), in which she documents her life in hiding from 1942 to 1944, during the German occupation of the Netherlands in World War II.

It is one of the world’s best-known books and has been the basis for several plays and films.

Google Doodle pays tribute to Holocaust victim Anne Frank

Google Doodle pays tribute to Holocaust victim Anne Frank

The German-Dutch diarist became one of the most famous victims of the Holocaust after her diary was published as The Diary of a Young Girl posthumously on June 25, 1947

Google is paying tribute to Anne Frank, the teen diarist, who died in 1945 during the Holocaust, through a series of animated pictures as a slideshow.

“Celebrating 75 years of the publication of Frank’s The Diary of a Young Girl, today’s Doodle features real excerpts from her diary, which describes what she and her friends and family experienced in hiding for over two years. This has been displayed through a series of animations.

“Although only written between the ages of 13-15, her personal account of the Holocaust and events of the war remains one of the most poignant and widely-read accounts to date,” Google wrote.

Anne Frank Biography, Wiki

Anne Frank, in full Annelies Marie Frank, (born June 12, 1929, Frankfurt am Main, Germany—died February/March 1945, Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, near Hannover), Jewish girl whose diary of her family’s two years in hiding during the German occupation of the Netherlands became a classic of war literature.

Early in the Nazi regime of Adolf Hitler, Anne’s father, Otto Frank (1889–1980), a German businessman, took his wife and two daughters to live in Amsterdam.

In 1941, after German forces occupied the Netherlands, Anne was compelled to transfer from a public school to a Jewish one. On June 12, 1942, she received a red-and-white plaid diary for her 13th birthday.

That day she began writing in the book: “I hope I will be able to confide everything to you, as I have never been able to confide in anyone, and I hope you will be a great source of comfort and support.”

Anne Frank Biography Wikipedia
Anne Frank
BornAnnelies Marie Frank
12 June 1929
Frankfurt, Germany
Diedc. February or March 1945 (aged 15)
Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, Germany
Resting placeBergen-Belsen concentration camp
OccupationDiarist
LanguageDutchGerman
Education6th Montessori School Amsterdam (1934–1941)
Jewish Lyceum
GenreBiography, autobiography
ParentsOtto Frank (father)
Edith Frank (mother)
RelativesMargot Frank (sister)
Buddy Elias (cousin)

Anne Frank Career

By the summer of 1942, Jewish people in the Netherlands started receiving calls and notices to report to “work” at camp Westerbork near the German border. Many of them were unaware that Nazi officials were then transporting them to the two major Jewish killing centers, Auschwitz-Birkenau and Sobibor.

On July 5, 1942, Frank’s sister Margot received a call to report to a labor camp in Germany. Suspicious of the call and fearing for their lives, the Franks decided to go into hiding instead of reporting to the camp. The very next day, the entire family began hiding in the annex behind the office the family owned at Prinsengracht 263.

The family soon welcomed four Dutch Jews into the secret attic apartment to escape persecution. The group hid in the “Secret Annex” for two years, while their friends smuggled food and clothing to help keep them safe. Right before they went into hiding, Frank received a diary for her thirteenth birthday.

While she was in hiding with her family, she began recording her experiences, thoughts, and feelings in her diary. She also wrote short stories and started a novel about her life.

Unfortunately, on August 4, 1944 the family’s hiding place was discovered by the Gestapo (German Secret State Police). The Franks and their four companions were arrested, along with two of the people that helped them hide.

They were all sent to camp Westerbork on August 8, 1944 and prepared for transport. On September 4, 1944 they were placed on a train with 1,019 other Jews and transported to Auschwitz in Poland. Once they arrived, the men and women were separated, and Frank and her sister Margot were selected for manual labor because of their age.

Over 350 of the people that arrived in the transport with the Franks were immediately taken to the gas chambers and murdered. In late October of 1944, Anne and her sister Margot were transported to another concentration camp in northern Germany called Bergen-Belsen.

The living conditions at this camp were also horrific, and many died from starvation or disease. Anne and Margot both contracted typhus and died in March of 1945, a few weeks before the British army liberated the camp on April 15. Their mother Edith also died in early January 1945 in the Auschwitz camp.

When the Soviet army liberated Auschwitz on January 27, 1945, their father Otto was the only one from the annex that survived. When he was released, he unfortunately learned that all of his family was dead.

However, he returned to the Netherlands and discovered that his friend Miep Gies was able to preserve Anne Frank’s diary before the Nazis raided their hiding place. Otto read his daughters writings and saw that she wanted to become a journalist or a writer, so he published her diary in June of 1947.

The book grew in popularity and was later translated into over 70 languages. In 1960, the secret annex where the family hid was turned into a museum called the Anne Frank House.

Anne Frank’s Cause of Death

Anne Frank died in February or March 1945, shortly before British troops liberated Bergen-Belsen on April 15, 1945.

Anne Frank died at the age of 15. Margot Frank died at the age of 19, also in February or March 1945. Both Margot and Anne died of typhus

SS officials also selected Anne’s parents for labor. Anne’s mother, Edith died in Auschwitz in early January 1945.

Only Anne’s father, Otto, survived the war. He was liberated from Auschwitz by Soviet forces on January 27, 1945. Otto was presented later with Anne’s writings, which were preserved by Miep Gies one of the Dutch citizens who had hidden the Franks.

Otto Frank was integral to getting his daughter’s diary published. The diary of Anne Frank is the first, and sometimes only, exposure many people have to the history of the Holocaust. Anne Frank’s writings also included short stories, fairy tales, and essays. 

The home where the Franks hid in Amsterdam continues to attract a large audience. Now known as the Anne Frank House, it drew more than 1.2 million visitors in 2017.

Anne Frank FAQ’s

Who was Anne Frank?

Annelies Marie Frank (12 June 1929 – c. February or March 1945) was a German-Dutch diarist of Jewish heritage.

How did Anne Frank die?

Anne Frank died in February or March 1945, shortly before British troops liberated Bergen-Belsen on April 15, 1945.

How old was Anne Frank?

Anne Frank died at 15.

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